On the occasion of the Day against Depression, psychologist and professor of Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, Raquel Carcelén*, analyses in this article some specific aspects of the disease when it affects youngsters.
The amount of cases has increased after the pandemic, which is not a surprise.
As per the diagnosis of depression, there should be at least five symptoms of the following during a period of more than 15 days and among these five, one of the following list should be among the first:
There is no unique sign defining depression in an unequivocal manner so therefore it is important to look out for changes in behaviour; of course youngsters evolve and change due to their own maturity process but we have to be careful in case of changes in behaviour in weeks and sustained throughout time.
Far beyond the diagnosis and eventual treatment has to be defined by a professional.
Depression can become chronical and that is the reason of the importance of identifying and treating it on time. The treatment chosen for mild depressions in teenagers is psychotherapy as cognitive-behavioural treatments and interpersonal therapies have had good results and can show improvements within 8 to 12 weeks.
According to the expert, pharmacological treatments are normally recommended in more serious cases but of course these cases have to be assessed by mental health experts. In any case it is always advised to combine pharmacological treatment and psychotherapy as it achieves better results.